A novel gene containing a trinucleotide repeat that is expanded and unstable on Huntington's disease chromosomes. The Huntington's Disease Collaborative Research Group.

Abstract

The Huntington's disease (HD) gene has been mapped in 4p16.3 but has eluded identification. We have used haplotype analysis of linkage disequilibrium to spotlight a small segment of 4p16.3 as the likely location of the defect. A new gene, IT15, isolated using cloned trapped exons from the target area contains a polymorphic trinucleotide repeat that is expanded and unstable on HD chromosomes. A (CAG)n repeat longer than the normal range was observed on HD chromosomes from all 75 disease families examined, comprising a variety of ethnic backgrounds and 4p16.3 haplotypes. The (CAG)n repeat appears to be located within the coding sequence of a predicted approximately 348 kd protein that is widely expressed but unrelated to any known gene. Thus, the HD mutation involves an unstable DNA segment, similar to those described in fragile X syndrome, spino-bulbar muscular atrophy, and myotonic dystrophy, acting in the context of a novel 4p16.3 gene to produce a dominant phenotype.

Authors

Tagle, Danilo; Valdes, J; Elmer, L; Castilla, L; Swaroop, Manju; Blanchard, K; Collins, FS;

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Exons
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease/ genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/ chemistry
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • RNA, Messenger/ genetics
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Restriction Mapping

External Links