Lipid hapten containing membrane targets can trigger specific immunoglobulin E-dependent degranulation of rat basophil leukemia cells.

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Abstract

We have studied the binding of liposomes containing dinitrophenylated lipid to rat basophil leukemia cells armed with monoclonal anti-dinitrophenyl IgE. The liposomes were either "fluid" at 37 degrees C (dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine or an equimolar binary mixture dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol) or "solid" (dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, distearoylphosphatidylcholine, or dibehanoylphosphatidylcholine). We have also studied the immune mediated degranulation of these cells induced by the above lipid membrane targets. In some cases both studies were carried out with liposomes containing various surface densities of lipid haptens. From these studies we conclude that freely mobile nonaggregated lipid haptens in bilayer membrane targets can trigger efficient serotonin release from rat basophil leukemia cells in the presence of specific antihapten IgE. Solid target membranes are also effective as stimulators of serotonin release. The release of serotonin depends strongly on the surface density of lipid haptens over a narrow range of surface densities. These studies with lipid membrane targets having well defined physical properties indicate the need for generalized molecular models of receptor-mediated cell triggering.

Authors

Balakrishnan, Krishna; Hsu, F J; Cooper, A D; McConnell, H M;

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Basophils/ immunology
  • Cell Membrane/ immunology
  • Cholesterol
  • Dinitrophenols
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Haptens
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Leukemia, Experimental/ immunology
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Liposomes
  • Membrane Fluidity
  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Rats

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