Human recombinant lysosomal β-Hexosaminidases produced in Pichia pastoris efficiently reduced lipid accumulation in Tay-Sachs fibroblasts.

Abstract

GM2 gangliosidosis, Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff diseases, are lysosomal storage disorders characterized by the lysosomal accumulation of GM2 gangliosides. This accumulation is due to deficiency in the activity of the β-hexosaminidases Hex-A or Hex-B, which are dimeric hydrolases formed by αβ or ββ subunits, respectively. These disorders show similar clinical manifestations that range from mild systemic symptoms to neurological damage and premature death. There is still no effective therapy for GM2 gangliosidoses, but some therapeutic alternatives, as enzyme replacement therapy, have being evaluated. Previously, we reported the production of active human recombinant β-hexosaminidases (rhHex-A and rhHex-B) in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In this study, we evaluated in vitro the cellular uptake, intracellular delivery to lysosome, and reduction of stored substrates. Both enzymes were taken-up via endocytic pathway mediated by mannose and mannose-6-phosphate receptors and delivered to lysosomes. Noteworthy, rhHex-A diminished the levels of stored lipids and lysosome mass in fibroblasts from Tay-Sachs patients. Overall, these results confirm the potential of P. pastoris as host to produce recombinant β-hexosaminidases intended to be used in the treatment of GM2 gangliosidosis.

Authors

Espejo-Mojica, Angela J; Rodríguez-López, Alexander; Li, Rong; Zheng, Wei; Alméciga-Díaz, Carlos J; Dulcey-Sepúlveda, Cindy; Combariza, Germán; Barrera, Luis A;

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