Novel renal medullary carcinoma cell lines, UOK353 and UOK360, provide preclinical tools to identify new therapeutic treatments.

Abstract

Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare, aggressive disease that predominantly afflicts individuals of African or Mediterranean descent with sickle cell trait. RMC comprises 1% of all renal cell carcinoma diagnoses with a median overall survival of 13 months. Patients are typically young (median age - 22) and male (male:female ratio of 2:1) and RMC tumors are characterized by complete loss of expression of the SMARCB1 tumor suppressor protein. Due to the low incidence of RMC and the disease's aggressiveness, treatment decisions are often based on case reports. Thus, it is critical to develop preclinical models of RMC to better understand the pathogenesis of this disease and to identify effective forms of therapy. Two novel cell line models, UOK353 and UOK360, were derived from primary RMCs that both demonstrated the characteristic SMARCB1 loss. Both cell lines overexpressed EZH2 and other members of the polycomb repressive complex and EZH2 inhibition in RMC tumor spheroids resulted in decreased viability. High throughput drug screening of both cell lines revealed several additional candidate compounds, including bortezomib that had both in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activity. The activity of bortezomib was shown to be partially dependent on increased oxidative stress as addition of the N-acetyl cysteine antioxidant reduced the effect on cell proliferation. Combining bortezomib and cisplatin further decreased cell viability both in vitro and in vivo that single agent bortezomib treatment. The UOK353 and UOK360 cell lines represent novel pre-clinical models for the development of effective forms of therapy for RMC patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Authors

Wei, Darmood; Yang, Youfeng; Ricketts, Christopher J; Vocke, Cathy D; Ball, Mark; Sourbier, Carole; Wangsa, Darawalee; Wangsa, Danny; Guha, Rajarshi; Zhang, Xiaohu; Wilson, Kelli; Chen, Lu; Meltzer, Paul S; Ried, Thomas; Thomas, Craig; Merino, Maria J; Linehan, W Marston;

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