Intravenous toxicity and toxicokinetics of an HDL mimetic, Fx-5A peptide complex, in cynomolgus monkeys.

Paradigms and Technologies
Therapeutic Approaches

Abstract

Fx-5A peptide complex (Fx-5A), a High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) mimetic, has been shown to reduce atherosclerosis. The safety and toxicokinetics of Fx-5A administered IV by 30 min infusion at 8, 25 or 75 mg/kg body weight or vehicle, once every other day for 27 days, were assessed in cynomolgus monkeys. The Fx-5A was well tolerated at all doses. At the highest dose, there were statistically significant effects on hematology and clinical chemistry parameters that were considered non-adverse. Dose-dependent recoverable non-adverse erythrocytes morphological changes (acanthocytes, echinocytes, spherocytes, microcytes, and/or schistocytes) were observed. Fx-5A was not hemolytic in in-vitro fresh NHP or human blood assay. There were no Fx-5A-related statistically significant changes for any cardiovascular function, ECG or respiratory parameters, when compared to control. In addition, there were no Fx-5A-related effects on organ weights, macroscopic or microscopic endpoints. Finally, Fx-5A exhibited sporadic non-appreciable detection of anti-Fx-5A antibodies and a dose-dependent linear toxicokinetics with T1/2 value ranges from 2.7 to 6.2 h. In conclusion, the No Observed Adverse Effect Level was considered to be 75 mg/kg/day with associated exposures average Cmax and AUC0-last of 453 μg/mL and 2232 h μg/mL, respectively, on Day 27.

Authors

Bourdi, Mohammed; Amar, Marcelo; Remaley, Alan T; Terse, Pramod;

Keywords

  • Administration, Intravenous
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Male
  • No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level
  • Peptides/ blood
  • Peptides/ pharmacokinetics
  • Peptides/ toxicity
  • Sphingomyelins/ pharmacokinetics
  • Sphingomyelins/ toxicity

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