Cytosolic Aspartate Availability Determines Cell Survival When Glutamine Is Limiting.

Therapeutic Approaches

Abstract

Mitochondrial function is important for aspartate biosynthesis in proliferating cells. Here, we show that mitochondrial aspartate export via the aspartate-glutamate carrier 1 (AGC1) supports cell proliferation and cellular redox homeostasis. Insufficient cytosolic aspartate delivery leads to cell death when TCA cycle carbon is reduced following glutamine withdrawal and/or glutaminase inhibition. Moreover, loss of AGC1 reduces allograft tumor growth that is further compromised by treatment with the glutaminase inhibitor CB-839. Together, these findings argue that mitochondrial aspartate export sustains cell survival in low-glutamine environments and AGC1 inhibition can synergize with glutaminase inhibition to limit tumor growth.

Authors

Alkan, H Furkan; Walter, Katharina E; Luengo, Alba; Madreiter-Sokolowski, Corina T; Stryeck, Sarah; Lau, Allison N; Al-Zoughbi, Wael; Lewis, Caroline A; Thomas, Craig; Hoefler, Gerald; Graier, Wolfgang F; Madl, Tobias; Vander Heiden, Matthew G; Bogner-Strauss, Juliane G;

External Links