Segregation in the Golgi complex precedes export of endolysosomal proteins in distinct transport carriers.

Abstract

Biosynthetic sorting of newly synthesized transmembrane cargos to endosomes and lysosomes is thought to occur at the TGN through recognition of sorting signals in the cytosolic tails of the cargos by adaptor proteins, leading to cargo packaging into coated vesicles destined for the endolysosomal system. Here we present evidence for a different mechanism in which two sets of endolysosomal proteins undergo early segregation to distinct domains of the Golgi complex by virtue of the proteins' luminal and transmembrane domains. Proteins in one Golgi domain exit into predominantly vesicular carriers by interaction of sorting signals with adaptor proteins, but proteins in the other domain exit into predominantly tubular carriers shared with plasma membrane proteins, independently of signal-adaptor interactions. These findings demonstrate that sorting of endolysosomal proteins begins at an earlier stage and involves mechanisms that partly differ from those described by classical models.

Authors

Chen, Yu; Gershlick, David C; Park, Sang Yoon; Bonifacino, Juan S;

Keywords

  • Adaptor Protein Complex 2/ genetics
  • Adaptor Protein Complex 2/ metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antigens, CD/ genetics
  • Antigens, CD/ metabolism
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Endosomes/ metabolism
  • Endosomes/ ultrastructure
  • Gene Expression
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins/ genetics
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins/ metabolism
  • Lysosomes/ metabolism
  • Lysosomes/ ultrastructure
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Protein Transport
  • Receptor, IGF Type 2/ genetics
  • Receptor, IGF Type 2/ metabolism
  • Receptors, Transferrin/ genetics
  • Receptors, Transferrin/ metabolism
  • trans-Golgi Network/ metabolism
  • trans-Golgi Network/ ultrastructure

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