A Druggable TCF4- and BRD4-Dependent Transcriptional Network Sustains Malignancy in Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm.

Paradigms and Technologies

Abstract

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive and largely incurable hematologic malignancy originating from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Using RNAi screening, we identified the E-box transcription factor TCF4 as a master regulator of the BPDCN oncogenic program. TCF4 served as a faithful diagnostic marker of BPDCN, and its downregulation caused the loss of the BPDCN-specific gene expression program and apoptosis. High-throughput drug screening revealed that bromodomain and extra-terminal domain inhibitors (BETis) induced BPDCN apoptosis, which was attributable to disruption of a BPDCN-specific transcriptional network controlled by TCF4-dependent super-enhancers. BETis retarded the growth of BPDCN xenografts, supporting their clinical evaluation in this recalcitrant malignancy.

Authors

Ceribelli, Michele; Hou, Zhiying Esther; Kelly, Priscilla N; Huang, Da Wei; Wright, George; Ganapathi, Karthik; Evbuomwan, Moses O; Pittaluga, Stefania; Shaffer, Arthur L; Marcucci, Guido; Forman, Stephen J; Xiao, Wenming; Guha, Rajarshi; Zhang, Xiaohu; Ferrer-Alegre, Marc; Chaperot, Laurence; Plumas, Joel; Jaffe, Elaine S; Thomas, Craig; Reizis, Boris; Staudt, Louis M;

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