A Strategic Framework for Utilizing Late-Stage (T4) Translation Research to Address Health Inequities.

Paradigms and Technologies


Achieving health equity requires that every person has the opportunity to attain their full health potential and no one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of social position or other socially determined circumstances. Inequity experienced by populations of lower socioeconomic status is reflected in differences in health status and mortality rates, as well as in the distribution of disease, disability and illness across these population groups. This article gives an overview of the health inequities literature associated with heart, lung, blood and sleep (HLBS) disorders. We present an ecological framework that provides a theoretical foundation to study late-stage T4 translation research that studies implementation strategies for proven effective interventions to address health inequities.


Lopez-Class, Maria; Peprah, Emmanuel; Zhang, Xinzhi; Kaufmann, Peter G; Engelgau, Michael M;


  • Health Equity
  • Health Status
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Humans
  • Noncommunicable Diseases
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Vulnerable Populations

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