The Drug Excipient Cyclodextrin Interacts With d-Luciferin and Interferes With Bioluminescence Imaging.

Methods Development


Cyclodextrins are well-characterized, barrel-shaped molecules that can solubilize organic small molecules in aqueous solution via host-guest interactions. As such, cyclodextrins are used as excipients for experimental therapeutics in vivo. We observed unanticipated modifications to bioluminescence imaging (BLI) signal intensity when 2-hydroxy-propyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) was coinjected as an excipient. We hypothesized that HPCD bindsd-luciferin and interferes with the BLI signal. Using luciferase-expressing cell lines, we showed that HPCD lowers the BLI signal in a concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry revealed that HPCD resulted in reduced cellular accumulation ofd-luciferin, and mass spectrometry revealedd-luciferin HPCD species, confirming a direct interaction. In vivo imaging using a luciferase mouse model demonstrated that HPCD reduced luciferin-mediated BLI compared to luciferin alone. The implications of using HPCD as an excipient in BLI studies are discussed.


Kumar, Jeyan S; Miller Jenkins, Lisa M; Gottesman, Michael M; Hall, Matthew;

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