Prior human polyomavirus and papillomavirus infection and incident lung cancer: a nested case-control study.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To test whether infection with select human polyomaviruses (HPyV) and human papillomaviruses (HPV) is associated with incident lung cancer. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study, testing serum from the carotene and retinol efficacy trial, conducted 1985-2005, for antibodies to Merkel cell (MCV), KI (KIV), and WU (WUV) HPyVs as well as to six high-risk and two low-risk HPV types. Incident lung cancer cases (n = 200) were frequency-matched with controls (n = 200) on age, enrollment and blood draw dates, intervention arm assignment, and the number of serum freeze/thaw cycles. Sera were tested using multiplex liquid bead microarray antibody assays. We used logistic regression to assess the association between HPyV and HPV antibodies and lung cancer. RESULTS: There was no evidence of a positive association between levels of MCV, KIV, or WUV antibodies and incident lung cancer (p corrected >0.10 for all trend tests; odds ratio (OR) range 0.72-1.09, p corrected >0.10 for all). There was also no evidence for a positive association between HPV 16 or 18 infection and incident lung cancer (p corrected ≥0.10 for all trend tests; OR range 0.25-2.54, p > 0.05 for all OR > 1), but the number of persons with serologic evidence of these infections was small. CONCLUSIONS: Prior infection with any of several types of HPyV or HPV was not associated with subsequent diagnosis of lung cancer. Infection with these viruses likely does not influence a person's risk of lung cancer in Western smoking populations.

Authors

Colombara, Danny V; Manhart, Lisa E; Carter, Joseph J; Hawes, Stephen E; Weiss, Noel S; Hughes, James P; Barnett, Matt J; Goodman, Gary E; Smith, Jennifer S; Qiao, You-Lin; Galloway, Denise A;

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Human papillomavirus 16
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms/ epidemiology
  • Lung Neoplasms/ virology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Papillomaviridae/ isolation & purification
  • Papillomavirus Infections/ complications
  • Polyomavirus/ isolation & purification
  • Polyomavirus Infections/ complications
  • Risk
  • Smoking/ epidemiology

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