A multiplexed siRNA screening strategy to identify genes in the PARP pathway.

Paradigms and Technologies
Methods Development

Abstract

Gene silencing by RNA interference has become a powerful tool to help identify genes that regulate biological processes. However, the complexity of the biology probed and the incomplete validation of the reagents used make it difficult to interpret the results of genome-wide siRNA screens. To address this challenge and maximize the return on the efforts required for validating genomic screen hits, the screening strategy must be designed to increase the robustness of the primary screening hits and include assays that inform on the mechanism of action of the knocked-down transcripts. Here, we describe the implementation of a small interfering RNA (siRNA) screen to identify genes that sensitize the effect of poly-(ADP ribose)-polymerase (PARP) inhibitor on cell survival. In the strategy we designed for the primary screen, two biological activities, apoptosis and cell viability, were measured simultaneously at different time points in the presence and absence of a PARP inhibitor (PARPi). The multiplexed assay allowed us to identify PARPi sensitizers induced by both caspase-dependent and independent mechanisms. The multiplexed screening strategy yielded robust primary hits with significant enrichment for DNA repair genes, which were further validated using relevant high-content imaging assays and confirmation of transcript knockdown by real-time PCR (rtPCR).

Authors

Stec, Erica; Locco, Louis; Szymanski, Stacey; Bartz, Steven R; Toniatti, Carlo; Needham, Rachel H V; Palmieri, Anthony; Carleton, Michael; Cleary, Michele A; Jackson, Aimee L; Linsley, Peter S; Strulovici, Berta; Ferrer-Alegre, Marc; Santini, Francesca;

Keywords

  • Apoptosis/ drug effects
  • Apoptosis/ genetics
  • Cell Division/ drug effects
  • Cell Division/ genetics
  • Cell Proliferation/ drug effects
  • Cell Survival/ drug effects
  • Cell Survival/ genetics
  • DNA Repair/ drug effects
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Enzyme Inhibitors/ pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/ drug effects
  • HeLa Cells
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays
  • Humans
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/ metabolism
  • RNA Interference/ drug effects
  • RNA, Small Interfering/ genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering/ metabolism
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Signal Transduction/ drug effects

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